At the dawn of the 21st century, the music video was in a boom period: TheÂ TRLÂ era was still at its zenith, CDs were flying out of the stores, budgets for music videos were still regularly in the seven-digit range, and MTV was the place you turned to in order to see the latest clips from pop’s best and brightest.
Flash forward to 2018, and none of those things are true anymore.Â Album sales have been depleted by the rise of downloading and then streaming, MTVÂ has been supplanted by the Internet as the video’s primary home, and attempts to rebootÂ TRLÂ only prove how different times are now than when Backstreet and Britney ruled the world. But with all that’s changed, the music video still reigns paramount in the pop world, as a conversation-starter, as a starmaker, as a cementer of legacy. Though the ways we consume music videos in 2018 would’ve been almost unthinkable at century’s start, the impact they have on our lives and pop culture remains relatively similar.Â
But of course, it’s been an interesting ride for the music video to get to this point: From the tail end of MTV’s peak to the introductionÂ of YouTube and the minting of the viral star to the rise of social media and the countless different forms the video can now take in 2018. This week,Â BillboardÂ is reflecting on the evolution of the music video with a week’s worth of content about the form’s past, present and future —Â starting, today, with a list of our staff picks for the 100 greatest music videos of the century so far, essentially telling the story of the form during its middle-age period, and a potential crisis ultimately averted.Â
See our staff favoritesÂ below, with a YouTube playlist of all available clips at the bottom, and get lost in the recent greatest hits of an artform that continues to be among popular culture’s most vital.
100. Fall Out Boy, “Sugar We’re GoinÂ Down” (dir. Matt Lenski, 2005)
From Under the Cork Treeâs lead single was much of the worldâs introduction to these former hardcore punks from the Chicago burbs, and for their first video with a big olâ Island Records budget, they indulged their mission statement: a full-on underdogâs folk tale. Our small town teenaged protagonist is a sort of Napoleon Dynamite with — get this! —Â deer-like antlers, an effectiveÂ stand-in for just about any condition that could have leftÂ a youngÂ FallÂ OutÂ Boy feeling socially alienated. His love interestâs shotgun-wielding father doesnât approve, but in the end, letâs just say heâsÂ behoovedÂ to sympathize. —Â CHRIS PAYNE
99. Shakira, “Whenever, Wherever” (dir. Francis Lawrence, 2001)
The video forÂ Shakiraâs first English-language hit is not her most seen; thoseÂ honor belongÂ to the Maluma-featuring âChantaje”Â and World Cup anthemÂ âWaka WakaÂ (This Time for Africa),” both with around two billion YouTube views.Â But âWhenever, Whereverâ was the video that introducedÂ Shakiraâs swiveling hips to the world, as well as her âsmall and humbleâ breasts. The minimalist production, which memorably featured ShakiraÂ dancing alone without props, musicians or other dancers, was enough to catapult her to international stardom. — LEILA COBO
98. Scissor Sisters, “Let’s Have a Kiki” (dir. Vern Moen, 2012)
Ana Matronic, Jake Shears, and the rest of the crew served up a brilliant DIY instructional dance video for their unlikely viral hit, which becameÂ their third No. 1 hit on the U.S. Dance Club Songs chart in 2012. The smartly staged and creativelyÂ choreographed one-take clipÂ is as unpolished, campy, and full of energy as the Scissors themselves. —Â PATRICK CROWLEY
97. Adele, “Rolling in the Deep” (dir. Sam Brown, 2010)
The room full of glasses of water gently quaking to the bass drum heartbeat of “Rolling in the Deep,” likeÂ Jurassic ParkÂ to the tenth power, was appropriately foreboding for what Adele’sÂ 21Â ended up being, a commercial behemoth the likes of which was supposed to have long gone extinct. It all starts here: Director Sam BrownÂ capturing the once-in-a-generation vocalist at simultaneously her most vulnerable and her most powerful, unclear if the wreckage surrounding her is representative of her internal turmoil, or a direct result of it. —Â ANDREW UNTERBERGERâ
96. Frank Ocean, “Pyramids” (dir. Nabil Elderkin, 2012)
Opening with color bars, liquor shots, and gun blasts, thisÂ Nabil-directed 8-minute odyssey follows a zonked-out Frank Ocean as he zips across the desert on a motorcycle, giggles his way through a strip club, and runs into John Mayer in the middle of nowhere for a woozy, bluesy guitar solo. Landing somewhere betweenÂ Lost HighwayÂ and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, “Pyramids” is a dusty, neon-drenched vision quest that’s hard to shake. â JOE LYNCH
95. The Avalanches, “Frontier Psychiatrist” (dir. Tom Kuntz & Mike Maguire, 2000)
Music videos can sometimes feel unimaginative when they simply translate a songâs lyrics into a four-minute clip, but for the Avalanchesâ âFrontierÂ Psychiatrist,â the literal approach also happened to be the wildest one. The Australian electronic groupâs mishmash of vocal samples is acted out as theater, with dueling therapists, chattering dentures, an old guy with a turtle body, and a ghost chorus comprising a visual representation both surreal and enduring. —Â JASON LIPSHUTZ
94. Ariana Grande feat. Zedd, “Break Free” (dir. Chris Marrs Piliero, 2014)
âBrace yourself for something so fantastically fantastical that youâll soil yourself from intergalactic excitement”Â reads part of the tongue-in-cheekÂ Star Wars-style scroll that introduces Ariana Grandeâs video for âBreak Free.” The stakes in this outer space-based video are as high as Grandeâs ponytail, as she uses her blaster to shoot down guards and free prisoners. But wait! Ari herself has been taken captive! Will she… break free?! Yes, and then she will board a spaceship where Zedd is both captain and DJ. Phew. —Â CHRISTINE WERTHMAN
93. Aaliyah, “Rock the Boat” (dir. Hype Williams, 2001)
The video for Aaliyahâs sinuous âRock the Boatâ might have easily gone down as just one of the many examples of the beloved singerâs preternatural cool and low-key sex appeal,Â featuring Aaliyah leading an all-female ensemble in understatedly sexy moves mirroring the songâs hypnotic, undulating melody. But itâs impossible to watch without feeling a deep pang of sadness:Â Directly after filming this video, Aaliyah and eight others were killed in a plane crash over the Bahamas. âRock the Boatâ begins with an in memoriam of sorts, and as the video starts, Aaliyah walks on a deserted beach beneath a sky so beatifically sunlit, it could very well be heaven.Â The video ends with a gorgeous shot of her swimming alone, trailed by billowy silk, toward a surface that seems contiguous with the clouds. In between, weâre reminded of an artist who was an effortlessly entrancing dancer and singer, a happy young woman with so much ahead of her — before she floats off to somewhere else. —Â REBECCA MILZOFF
92. Girls’ Generation, “Gee”Â (dir.Â Cho Soo-hyun,Â 2009)
One of the biggest K-pop hits ever, Girlsâ Generationâs saccharine electro-pop anthemÂ âGeeâ was key toÂ making the nonet one of South Koreaâs biggest pop acts, largely thanks to its videoâs living mannequins, viral âcrabâ dance, and Â brightly hued outfits. The success of it led to the group releasing further videos that rank amongÂ K-popâsÂ all-time most recognizable, includingÂ âGenieâ and âI Got A Boy,â but nothing will ever replaceÂ this 2009 music video for its critical spotÂ in the genre’s history. —Â TAMAR HERMAN
91. Tim McGraw, “Humble and Kind” (dir. Wes Edwards, 2016)
It would have been understandably tempting to make a video that interpreted the song as literally as songwriter Lori McKenna intended: As a message to her children. But instead, the clip —Â with assistance from OWNâs series BeliefÂ (thanks, Oprah!)Â and McGrawâs understated delivery — turns the tune into a grander prayer that celebrates our universal humanity and diversity through scenes of people from all ethnicities and religions. —Â MELINDA NEWMAN
90. Marina & The DIamonds, “How to Be a Heartbreaker” (dir. Marc & Ish, 2012)
Six years ago,Â MarinaÂ Diamandis gave us a video with six showering Calvin Klein models juxtaposed with a clothed woman, gloriously flipping what is unfortunately still the modern standard. (Each guy is wearing a Speedo, mind you.) As she sings about her guide to breaking you-know-whats,Â MarinaÂ alternates between cozying up to different gentlemen, dancing in the shower,Â and presenting a severed, bloodied mannequin head on a platter to the camera. Itâs hard to know who youâre supposed to be drooling over in this visual —Â Marina, or the male models? — and thatâs the whole point. —Â GAB GINSBERG
89. Mitski, “Your Best American Girl” (dir. Zia Anger, 2016)
Mitskiâs songwriting is often spiked with a dark, sharp sense of humor. The visual for her shrugging, contemplative Puberty 2 single âYour Best American Girl,â directed by longtime collaborator Zia Anger, brings that wit to the forefront, trapping the Japanese-American artist in a love triangle with an all-too-familiar cute white hipster and his Coachella-ready girlfriend as the songâs lyrics muse on cultural clashes and ethnic identity. Itâs hard not to roll your eyes as the couple cuddles naked under an American flag (seriously, guys?), leaving our heroine to make out with her own hand like a lovesick middle-schooler, channeling rage intoÂ electric guitar. Not tooÂ much subtlety here, but the videoâs almost uncomfortably on-the-nose references are exactly what make it so brilliant, with just the right dose of funny. —Â TATIANA CIRISANO
88. Kanye West feat. Dwele, “Flashing Lights” (dir. Spike Jonze, 2007)
Kanye West would be the first to tell you heâs more than just an artist — heâs an innovator, on the same intellectual playing field as Walt Disney and Steve Jobs. And when it comes to visual manifestations of or companion pieces to his music, well, heâs not always totallyÂ wrong. The video for âFlashing Lightsâ isnât as dazzling or frenzied as videos for hits like âGold Diggerâ and âAll of the Lights,â but the tension between the thump of the song and the slow-mo, one-shot portrait of a beautiful woman committing heinous acts of violence makes the clip as unsettlinglyÂ hypnotic as the trance-like intonation of its chorus. —Â STEVEN J. HOROWITZ
87. David Bowie, “Lazarus” (dir. Johan Renck, 2016)
Shortly after David Bowie succumbed to liver cancer on Jan. 10, 2016, his longtime producer and friend Tony Visconti wrote in a Facebook tribute, âHis death was not different from his life â a work of Art.âÂ He most certainly was referring to âBlackstarâ and âLazarus,â the haunting and bleak final two music videos that the legendÂ left behind.Â Both are rich with references to BowieÂ canon —Â Major Tom, Station to StationÂ —Â and optimallyÂ should be seen in tandem. But âLazarusâ delivers the biggerÂ gut punch because it is Bowieâs acknowledgement that he is not long for this earth, a video cut with scenes of the gaunt artist writhing on what could be his deathbed, his head wrapped in a bandage with buttons for eyes. Watch the video, then venture down the rabbit hole of Bowie-ologists deconstructing the videoâs meaning: The StarmanÂ may have left the building, but he did so in a way that insures his artistic immortality. —Â FRANK DIGIACOMO
86. The Lonely Island, “Lazy Sunday” (dir. Akiva Schaffer, 2005)
“LazyÂ Sunday” has the distinction of being the only video onÂ this listÂ to originate from television — theÂ historic first official Digital Short on SNL, preceding futureÂ classics like “I’m On A Boat” and “Dick in a Box,” and setting the template for the first wave of YouTube viral videos.Â “LazyÂ Sunday” lives on in infamyÂ because of theÂ sheer ridiculousness of their investment in the song’s mundanity:Â Andy Samberg and Chris Parnell rap about going to seeÂ The Chronicles of Narnia,Â but not before “macking on some cupcakes” from Magnolia Bakery and shouting out answers toÂ movie theaterÂ Matthew Perry trivia. Part of the video’s allure is its low-production quality — it looks like it was shot by high schoolers in an afternoon — goingÂ to show that you don’t need a million-dollar budget to make a classic music video.Â Perhaps all you need is a camcorder and smartly dumbÂ lyrics. —Â XANDER ZELLNER
85. Grimes, “Kill v. Maim” (dir. Claire Boucher & Mac Boucher,Â 2016)
Grimes made all our cyberpunk dreams come true with the âKillÂ v.Â Maimâ video. The singer previously explainedÂ that the songâs inspiration was for a fictional movie that was âa mixture of Godfather and Twilight,â but the video itself transports the viewer into a wild post-apocalyptic world:Â Imagine if Final Fantasy took place in theÂ Mad Max universe… but was also shot in Harajuku in the â90s. And what better way to end this giddyÂ mix of cult-film homagesÂ than with an ode to Bladeâs bloody rave scene? —Â BIANCA GRACIE
84. Alicia Keys, “You Don’t Know My Name” (dir. Chris Robinson, 2003)
It’s asÂ vivid a straightforward rendering of song narrative as 21st-century music video has produced, with Alicia Keys and fictional love interest Mos Def acting out Keys’Â Songs in A MinorÂ melodrama as a brilliant blur of fantasy and reality. Director Chris Robinson’s sumptuous New York visuals make the theatrics pop with both pleasing familiarity and near-uncomfortable intimacy, lifting you into Keys’ daydream —Â right up to the crushing ending,Â when it turns out that Mos never will know just how different she looks outside of her work clothes. —Â A.U.
83. Residente, “Descencuentro” (dir. Residente, 2017)
Residente — and prior to him, Calle 13 — has long beenÂ known for his gritty, graphic, often violent video material. But his softer, romantic side is even more compelling, and the second video from his 2017 self-titled solo outingÂ is drenched in love, the kind that sends shivers down your spine.Â Filmed in Paris’ iconicÂ CrĂ©merie-Restaurant Polidor bistro and starring Charlotte Le Bon and Edgar Ramirez, “Descencuentro”Â (directed byÂ ResidenteÂ himself)Â is a mini-film about a man and a womanÂ whoseÂ inevitable encounterÂ inside the restaurant isÂ delayed by a string of happenstance that goes from accidental to comical. âI wanted to stay away from clichĂ©s, but stay close to hope, to what motivates you to keep on trying in the midst of so many setbacks,âÂ ResidenteÂ told Billboard. The end result is breathtakingly (and unexpectedly) lovely. —Â L.C.
82. FKAÂ twigs, “Papi Pacify” (dir. Tom Beard & FKAÂ twigs, 2013)
If a music video can leave you with one indelible image, itâs done good work. The video for âPapi Pacify”Â is one of the most erotic clipsÂ in recent memory, opening with a silent shot of a tall, brawny man with one hand around twigs’Â throat and the other curling at her mouth. âItâs meant to ask questions of the viewer,â co-director Tom Beard told The Guardian. âWhoâs got the control in this relationship? Whoâs got the power?â Thereâs no unbraiding the sexual charge from the discomfort, just as thereâs no forgetting the shot at 2:23, when twigs holds your gaze as the man takes his fingers from her mouthÂ andÂ pullsÂ her into his chest as she continues to stare, looking nothing if not serene. —Â ROSS SCARANO
81. A$AP Rocky, “Peso” (dir. Abteen Bagheri,Â 2010)
The low-budget street video, shot in the artistâs neighborhood, is a hip-hop staple, and one of the best 21st century entries in the genre drops you in Harlem for an annunciation. Is there a more invigorating entrance in contemporary rap than Rocky busting through a sticker-covered bodega door wearing a black baseball cap that reads FUNERAL, while rapping, âI be that pretty motherfuckerâ? The money spent shows up in the form of Rick Owens, Raf Simons and Supreme, but the swag is priceless. —Â R.S.
80. Miley Cyrus, “We Can’t Stop” (dir. Diane Martel, 2013)
Thereâs tiptoeing into a new era, and then thereâs diving in headfirst: Following her underperforming Canât Be Tamed album,Â MileyÂ Cyrus chose the latter in 2013, reinventing herself in the first video from the Bangerz campaign and boldly kickstarting her adult career. The âWe CanâtÂ Stopâ video features a house party full of debauchery and twerking, but for all of the hip-hop excess Cyrus was clearly cribbing from, Diane Martel’s clip also provides several uniquely off-kilterÂ set pieces, from the giant-teddy-bear-backpack dance sequence to the game of kick-the-french-fry-skull. —Â J. Lipshutz
79. Madonna, “Hung Up” (dir. Johan Renck, 2006)
Faced with relationship trouble, a pop queen doesnât cry it out — she dances it out. Madonnaâs â80s-infused video for the ABBA-borrowing Confessions On A Dance Floor smash âHung Upâ turns the starâs sweaty, solo aerobics workout into a therapy session where all you need to squelch anxiety is a pink leotard and a boombox. The visual only gets better as it expands to scenes resembling a Los Angeles street corner, a subway car, and a Chinese restaurant, where crowds of all ages, races, and ethnicities erupt into fieryÂ dance battles of their own. Meant as a tribute to John Travoltaâs ubiquitous dance roles in film, the wholeÂ thing ends (how else?) with Madonna breaking it down on an arcade Dance Dance Revolution machine — not bad for a star who broke several bones in a horseback-riding accident just weeks before shooting. —Â T.C.
78. Toby Keith, “Red Solo Cup” (dir. Michael Salomon, 2011)
These days, it might be hard for many viewers to get past the first word of the title when watching the video for Toby Keith’s highest-charting, least-resistible Hot 100 hit, especially considering the cameo-strewn close featuring fellow Red-allignedÂ rockerÂ Ted Nugent, among others. But the 2011 clip is such a clever and pure distillation of the forever unpartisan joys of filling your cup, lifting it up and proceeding to parrr-tayyyyyy that it’ll make you seethe with nostalgia for a time,Â perhaps only imagined,Â when a superior brand of kegger suppliesÂ was all you needed to reach across the aisle for. —Â A.U.
77. Gotye feat. Kimbra, “Somebody That I Used to Know” (dir. Natasha Pincus, 2011)
Behold one of the few instances in which a music video helped launchÂ a relativelyÂ unknown act to No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100.Â Gotye’s haunting “Somebody That I Used to Know” visualÂ shows the frontman and duet partner Kimbra naked in front of a blank backdrop, then slowly painted over via stop-motion animation, a livingÂ artifact of what used to be a relationship. The design, inspired by an actual work done byÂ Gotye’s father, Frank De Backer,Â took 23 hoursÂ and helped the video surpass the 1 billion-views mark on YouTube. —Â X.Z.
76. ANOHNI, “Drone Bomb Me” (dir. Nabil Elderkin, 2016)
ANOHNIâs 2016 solo debutÂ HopelessnessÂ combined dazzling experimental pop with the sort of radical social activism most prominent musicians are too timid to approach. For this Hudson Mohawke- and Oneohtrix Point Never-produced song,Â ANOHNIÂ sings from the perspective of a nine year-old Afghani girl whose family has just been killed by a drone bomb, her despair sending her atop a mountain to demand she be taken next. In the gripping, exquisitely produced video (bankrolled by Apple in a moveÂ ANOHNIÂ later regretted), a teary-eyed Naomi Campbell gives a sublime performance, lip-synching and tantalizingly dancing along to the this glistening dirge while a team of dancers contorts around her.Â —Â C.P.
75. Kendrick Lamar, “i”Â (dir. AlexandreÂ Moors, 2014)
If this video had come out evenÂ two years later, the dance thatÂ KendrickÂ rolls out throughout the visual might have spawned enough challenge/meme copies to send it all the way to the top of the charts, rather than the mere No. 39 it topped out at on the Hot 100. As it stands, the video isÂ a clever nod to both the song’s influences —Â sampled artist Ronald Isley is in on the party throughout, while George Clinton makes a nonchalant cameo reading a copy of his own autobiography outside a club — and to the darker forces underlying the song’s self-love ethos. —Â DAN RYS
74. Dua Lipa, “New Rules” (dir. Henry Scholfield, 2017)
Some new new rules: 1. Launch a thousand Pinterest boards with a beachy pastel color scheme and an enviable hotel slumber party. 2. Take unlikely inspiration from the animal kingdom with head-bobbing choreography meant to evoke the fidgety movements of a pack of flamingos. (No, really!) 3. Embrace the storytelling power of repetition for a dance routine whose third-act twist still delights as much as it did the first time. Follow those steps, and you’ll earn admission to YouTubeâs billion-views club â and maybe fast-track yourself to a level of international superstardom that half a dozen prior singles couldnât snag. —Â NOLAN FEENEY
73. Janelle MonĂĄe feat. Big Boi, “Tightrope” (dir. Wendy Morgan, 2010)
To those who are just discovering the genius ofÂ JanelleÂ Monae with herÂ Dirty ComputerÂ rollout: Where have you been? From her futuristic “Many Moons” video to her uncomfortably directÂ “Cold War” clip, MonĂĄe has consistently delivered on the visuals. “Tightrope” showcases Monae’s swagger-for-days as she gyrates through an insane asylum, rocking her early-career androgynous style and delivering some impressive soft-shoe. —Â P.C.
72. Sum 41, “Fat Lip” (dir. Marc Klasfeld, 2001)
From its opening beatbox freestyle to its closing tongue wag, “Fat Lip” couldn’t have been a better encapsulation of the pop-punk ’00s if it had been directed by a sentient Hot Topic bracelet: It’s all shaved heads, half-pipes, convenience stores,Â and four-star frosted tips, as the snottiest bunch of snots that ever snotted performÂ from a literal pit of dirt. For extra flat-sole kicks, check the hair-metal-homaging “Pain for Pleasure” outro that often played with “Fat Lip” on MTV, proving that adolescent rawk brattiness knows no generation gap. —Â A.U.
71. Kylie Minogue, “Come Into My World” (dir. Michel Gondry, 2002)
No music video director works sleight-of-film better than Michel Gondry, the guy who turned a countryside train voyage into Chemical Brothers sheet music or a theatricalÂ BjĂ¶rk drama into a cinematic matryoshka doll.Â But his greatest cinematic achievement may remain Kylie Minogue’s four-lap trek around the streets of Paris, with Kylie and her universe’s neighbors somehow layering on top of themselves each time she passes Go. It’s a marvel that remainsÂ magical 16 years later — though one thatÂ might make you reticent to accept her titular invitation, since it seems like her World barely has room for one of you, let alone four. —Â A.U.
70. Ozuna, “Se Preparo” (dir. Nuno Gomes, 2017)
Ozuna is Latin musicâs current master of the video universe:Â The Puerto Rican reggaeton/trap star has so many great videos to his name, itâs hard to settle on a favorite. But âSe Preparo,â with its mix of whimsy and edge, is as fun as the song is compelling. Directed by Venezuelan video master Nuno Gomez, who delights in storytelling, it sets the stage for the wronged girl, who, to forget her boyfriendâs infidelities, preps for a night on the town with the girls. ExceptÂ itâs actually an elaborate ruse to get even — oneÂ that keeps you watching tillÂ the hilarious end. —Â L.C.
69. JAY-Z, “The Story of O.J.” (dir. JAY-Z & Mark Romanek, 2017)
A theme of Jay’s work of late has been taking stereotypes and tropes about the black community and forcingÂ them right in front of his audience’s faces. Seldom has that ever been more clear than in the “O.J.”Â video, which lifts its inspiration from a set of racistÂ Looney Tunes cartoons from the ’40s, casting himself and others in blackface and hammeringÂ home the message of the song’s lyrics through the visual. It’sÂ among the best examples of this in his catalog. — D.R.
68. Kesha, “Blow” (dir. Chris Marrs Piliero, 2010)
“She was adamant you can’t back away from the crazy” was how director Chris MarrsÂ PilieroÂ summarized the Artist Formerly Known as K-Money’s approach to the “Blow” video, which sounds about right: Lasers, unicorns, muenster cheese,Â no-soap-radio jokes, a pre-meme James Van derÂ Beek,Â andÂ a whole lot of glitter (natch) combine in the “Blow” video for a visual of singular early-’10s lunacy.Â That the era’s cheekiestÂ director and most game pop star only worked together once remains a bummer, but their soleÂ collabÂ remains a slice of pure lactose gold. —Â A.U.
67. BTS, “Blood, Sweat & Tears” (dir.Â Choi YongseokÂ &Â Ko Yoojeong, 2016)
âBlood, Sweat & Tearsâ is the thesis for BTS as a K-pop group whose work is rich for interpretation. The grab-bag of high-art references makes this music video ripe for fan theories.Â Cut to a museum filled with European Renaissance replications: Michelangeloâs PietĂ explodes! Van Goghian sky swirls abound! V jumps off a balcony in front of a painting of the fallen Icarus! Amid this lavish portrait of BTS at the height of their game, one thing is clear: the septet makes K-pop for the thinking fan. —Â CAITLIN KELLEY
66. Ludacris feat. Shawnna, “Stand Up” (dir. Dave Meyers, 2003)
The clip for Luda’s first Billboard Hot 100 No. 1 is more bizarre than it has any right to be. A kiss from ‘Cris makes a woman’s ass expand to cartoonish size, after which Luda puts on a Sideshow Bob-sized sneaker to start stomping the dancefloor and bring the house down (literally). At the end of the video, Luda and Shawnna’s faces are superimposed onto baby bodies, and we’re treated to Baby Luda dancingÂ Ally McBeal-style, before an unlucky woman changes his soiled diaper. Why? Who knows! But when he moved in 2003, we followed, just like that. —Â J. Lynch
65. Red Hot Chili Peppers, “Californication” (dir. Jonathan Dayton & Valerie Faris, 2000)
The Red Hot Chili Peppers’ video for “Californication”Â features the quartet navigating everything from the Hollywood Walk of Fame and movie studios to San Francisco and the Sierra Nevada Mountains — only as avatars of themselves in an imaginary video game, racking up high scores and eventually meetingÂ at the center of the earth.Â As fun as theÂ stunning and innovativeÂ visuals are, it’s the juxtapositionÂ with the song’s melancholy lyricsÂ that stillÂ lingers well after it’s Game Over. —Â DENISE WARNER
64. Missy Elliott, “Gossip Folks” (dir. Dave Meyers, 2002)
Most everything seems a whole lot more fun in the crazy-colorful, twisted realm of MissyÂ music videos: EvenÂ the gossip-fueled, bully-ridden hallways of high school. Back in a pre-social-media 2002,Â Elliott heard all the whispers about her recent and somewhat drastic weight loss, her sexual orientation, and more, soÂ she channeled her frustration into an eminently danceable track and classic video. Ludacris and Ms. Jade makeÂ stellar guest appearances; Tweet, Eve, and Trina keep score as the coolest clique ever in the cafeteria scenes; even Darryl âDMCâ McDaniels shows up for a late cameo as a school bus driver. Â But then thereâs the real stars of the video —Â three little girls with better moves than most grown-ups (including now-pro Alyson Stoner),Â and a closing image that might be Elliottâs most brilliant touch of all: a mural depictingÂ the late Aaliyah, Lisa âLeft Eyeâ Lopez, and Jam Master Jay,Â reminding her audience that, just maybe, the industry could focus on more important things than gossip, folks. —Â R.M.
63. Ciara, “Promise” (dir. Diane Martel, 2006)
Ciara has spent much of her videography trying to defy gravity â consider the Matrix-style back-bend she first debuted with âGoodiesâ and later honed in clips like âGimme Datâ and âLike a Boy.â But with a little movie magic, Ciara actually pulled it off for 2006âs âPromise,â turning a microphone stand into a worthy dance partner through a G-rated pole workout that shook its butt in the face of laws of physics. Ciaraâs legacy as an artist is as much about her dancing as it is her music, and âPromise,â with its magic mic and the sheer athleticism of Ciaraâs hypnotic hip rolls, is the most entertaining distillation of all her talents. —Â N.F.
62. Bat for Lashes, “What’s a Girl to Do” (dir. Dougal Wilson, 2006)
Dougal Wilson directed this single-shot video in which Natasha Khan takes a late-night bike ride with some of her best pals, a foreboding brood of hoodie-wearing guys in creepy animal masks, a la Donnie Darkoâs Frank. According to a 2009 interview, Khan wanted the director to model the video after films like E.T., The Goonies, The Karate Kid, and even the aforementioned Gyllenhaal cult classic, movies that she dubbed âhoodie movies,â because they featured boys wearing hoodies and riding bikes, âa symbolic reference to breaking out of their suburban trappings and going on this journey of self-discovery.” Wilson nails the sentiment, only this journey comes with more sick bike tricks. —Â C.W.
61. Rihanna, “Bitch Better Have My Money” (dir. Rihanna & Megaforce, 2015)
A year before labeling herselfÂ a savage, Rihanna had already proved she was the baddest galÂ in town with 2015âs âBitchÂ BetterÂ Have My Moneyâ video. The murderous affair, co-directed by the singer and Megaforce, is a menacing âdon’t fuckÂ withÂ meâ message to her real-life former accountant,Â portrayed here by Hannibal‘s Mads Mikkelsen. Rihanna and her badass female sidekicks playÂ the stars of their own revenge fantasy film as they torture his rich white wife, and the final scene is nothing short of chilling, with a blood-soaked Rihanna lighting up a joint while resting in a trunk full of cash. —Â B.G.
60. Justice, “D.A.N.C.E.” (dir. Jonas & Francois, 2007)
Who knew that the video for a song called âD.A.N.C.E.â could be built around two guysâŠ walkingâŠ for the entire videoâŠ and still be a huge win?Â Justiceâs Gaspard AugĂ© and Xavier de Rosnay stroll through the duo’s most popular clipÂ as their t-shirts morph into mesmerizing pop-art displays, capturing the crossover hitâs effervescence through a series of slogans and cartoons.Â âD.A.N.C.E.âÂ was nominated for video of the year at the 2007 MTV VMAs, turningÂ JusticeÂ into dance headliners (pun intended) years before EDM took over every American festival. —Â J. Lipshutz
59. Robyn, “Call Your Girlfriend” (dir. Max Vitali, 2011)
In one continuous three-and-a-half minute shot,Â RobynÂ manages to hold your attention in the music video for “Call Your Girlfriend.” The video simply showsÂ Robyn dancing and singing in an empty soundstage, wearing a furry top and looking like her own heart has just been shattered, but it feels impossible to look away. The clipÂ was often parodied and recreated after its release, most notably by former SNL cast member Taran Killam, in which he filmed aÂ near-perfect recreationÂ of the video in the show’sÂ writers room atÂ 4:00 a.m. —Â X.Z.
58. Christina Aguilera, “Beautiful” (dir. Jonas Ă kerlund, 2002)
ChristinaÂ AguileraÂ eloquently touches on insecurity in the Jonas Ă kerlund-directed âBeautiful,” as the dark-lit scenes underscore the decimation that occurs when someone is ostracized for being less than perfect: too fat or skinny, ugly, gay. Alone in a sparsely furnished room,Â AguileraÂ zeroes in on songwriter/producer Linda Perryâs affirmation that everyone isÂ beautiful,Â no matter what people say. âWords canât bring me down,â she sings as the videoâs characters conquer their insecurities: one woman bashes in her mirror, another tosses beauty magazines into a fireplace while a gay couple publicly kiss and hold hands. The video won a GLAAD Media Award for its positive portrayal of gayÂ and transgender individuals. —Â GAIL MITCHELL
57. UGKÂ feat. OutKast, “International Players Anthem (I Choose You)” (dir. Bryan Barber, 2007)
In the pantheon of music videos capturing some sort of ceremonial celebration,Â UGKâs âIntâl Playersâ Anthemâ stands as one of the all-time best. The absurdity of it the clipÂ —Â including AndrĂ© 3000 in a kilt, a wedding party that counts Lukas Haas, and some of the best wedding outfits of all time (including Pimp C in head-to-toe white fur) — is nothing compared to how seamlessly the video captures the ebullience of the accompanying song. —Â S.J.H.
56. BeyoncĂ©, “7/11” (dir. BeyoncĂ©, 2014)
As we all know in 2018, The Carters love a production —Â but travel back with us to a Friday night in November 2014, when BeyoncĂ© proved that she could go low-budget and still make a high-quality music video. The grainy, iPhone-looking footage of â7/11â features BeyoncĂ© and her dancers goofing off in their underwear in various hotel-room settings. They twerk. They drink from red plastic cups. They turn hair dryers into props. BeyoncĂ© uses someoneâs butt as a surface for throwing dice. Quick-cut edits and scene jumps give the video a playful, frenetic energy, while choreography and costume changes make it pro without being overly polished. Itâs safe to assume that the peak into this informal world is highly curated, but â7/11â has the intimacy of a selfie: Even though it doesnât look like anything you’ve actually ever shot on yourÂ phone. —Â C.W.
55. Justin Bieber, “Sorry” (dir. Parris Goebel, 2015)
The Bieb brought choreography —Â and women —Â to the forefront of his “Sorry” visual, with the singer enlisting New Zealandâs all-female troupe ReQuest Dance Crew to bring his upbeatÂ Purpose chart-topperÂ toÂ life. The colorful visual immediately racked up millions of views, with the wildly funky outfits inspiring Halloween costumes (just one week after the vidâs Oct. 22, 2015 release) and the ReQuest girls’ impressive moves sparking plenty of twerk-filled tributesÂ across the Internet. Nearly three billion views later, âSorryâ proved that the heartthrob doesnât even need to make an appearance to make one of his videos special. —Â TAYLOR WEATHERBY
54. Iggy Azalea feat. Charli XCX, “Fancy” (dir. Director X, 2014)
For Iggy Azaleaâs biggest pop moment, the â90sÂ throwback loveÂ of the 2010sÂ wasÂ in full swing, with the Australian rapper and her hook-slinging co-star traveling back to the set of classic teen comedyÂ Clueless. Iconic scenes —Â the classroom debate, the house party, the near-car crash on the freewayÂ —Â are reproduced with no-expense-spared flair, the cinematic set design and hordes of in-costume extras vaulting this 2014 good-life anthem straight into 1995 and all its plaid-clad pizzaz. MillennialÂ Mean GirlsÂ babies nodding to their eraâs spiritual forerunner â itâs game recognizing game in a music video that should similarly endure. —Â C.P.
53. Bruno Mars & Cardi B, “Finesse” (Remix) (dir. Bruno Mars &Â Florent Dechard, 2018)
Everyone loves a good doseÂ of nostalgia, and Bruno Mars served up a giant splatter-painted platter of it with his âFinesseâ video. Recruiting Cardi B for a remix of the high-energyÂ 24K MagicÂ track, Mars emphasized the song’s punchy â90s-style hip-hop beat with an homage to the eraâs sketch-comedy classicÂ In Living Color, using smooth moves and neon outfits to create an awesome spitting-image tribute. And the shout-outs were reciprocated: âFinesseâ immediately drew praise from show stars Damon, Marlon, and Kim Wayans, and even sparked a reaction out of Jennifer Lopez, who got her start dancing as a Fly Girl on the show. Just asÂ ILCÂ was a cultural moment of the â90s, âFinesseâ helped Bruno Mars and Cardi B solidify their place asÂ iconsÂ of 2018. —Â T.W.
52. Taylor Swift, “You Belong With Me” (dir. Roman White, 2009)
A pivotal video in Taylor Swift’s pop mythology, “You Belong With Me” saw the burgeoning superstar still playing the underdog, whose cartoonish glasses, school-pride wardrobes, and goofy dance moves made her the idol (and/orÂ go-to Halloween costume) for a generation of unsatisfied overachievers. But don’t forget she plays the bad girl in the video, too, and with equal aplomb; listen closely as she marks her territoryÂ with the boy next door in her red convertible, and you can hear the snakes from the ReputationÂ Tour hissing impatiently in the distance. —Â A.U.
51. Lana Del Rey, “National Anthem” (dir. Anthony Mandler, 2012)
All of Lana Del Reyâs music videos are cinematic — itâs kind of her thing — but âNationalÂ Anthemâ has a movie-quality plot to boot. Del Rey stars first as Marilyn Monroe in a reimagined staging of the iconâs 1962 performance of “Happy Birthday, Mr. President,” then as Jackie Kennedy alongside A$AP Rockyâs suave, handsy JFK. Through Del Reyâs eyes, we see familial scenes unfold between one of the most fascinating couples in American history, culminating in a re-enactment of the Kennedy assassination. When Del Reyâs castle crumbles, you feel it in your chest, too, and her monologue at the end never fails to bring chills. —Â G.G.
50. The Diplomats, “Dipset Anthem” (dir. N/A, 2003)
Twenty-plus Harlemites in their baggy, early-2000s best rocking at canted angles away from the camera, arranged on courtyard steps — this is a movement. This is what power looks like. This is whatâs really good. That image primes you for Juelz Santanaâs opening line: Today is a new day. And if you havenât got the message, the beat shifts midway through the video into the magisterial âI Really Mean Itâ to drop an immaculate Camâron into your living room, stepping out of an Escalade in custom pink Dipset Timbs. Truly, did we dream this? —Â R.S.
49. Snoop Dogg feat. Pharrell, “Drop It Like It’s Hot” (dir. Paul Hunter, 2004)
One of the most memorable and instantly accessibleÂ tracks inÂ Snoop’s extensive oeuvre got a similarly delectable video to match, shot in black and white on a blinding background with Pharrell supportivelyÂ in tow as his head-nodding sidekick. The video’s sleek and casually surreal aesthetic was as ubiquitous at the time as the song itself, and nowÂ 15 years laterÂ it remains a blast to re-watch,Â particularly for its cameos by the similarly-ageless Pusha T, Chad Hugo, and Lauren London, not to mentionÂ Snoop’s young sons at the time. —Â D.R.
48. Orange Caramel, “My Copycat” (dir. Digipedi, 2014)
Orange Caramel have never been bound by K-pop conventions, andÂ âMy Copycatâ representsÂ the pinnacle of the trioâs out-of-the-box thinking with its interactive game. The full visual experience requires repeat viewings to scope out all of the Easter eggs hidden in each frame, as the sweeping Whereâs Waldo shots turn a simple concept into a grandiose design. So this is what Orange Caramel meant when they sang, âPlay games with my heart tonight.â —Â C.K.
47. Drake feat. Lil Wayne, “HYFR (Hell YaÂ Fucking Right)” (dir. Director X, 2012)
More than any of us Jewish kids would have ever dared daydream about during Hebrew School: the biggest rapper in the world documenting his own adult Bar Mitzvah, replete with the requisite torah reading, hora dancing, and ever so many popped bottles of Manischewitz. Did three-and-a-half minutes of Drake and Lil Wayne going HAM — err, going smoked salmon — on the former’s special day do more to get kids to their local congregations on Saturday morning than every rabbinical sermon this century combined? Impossible to say for sure, but chances are the JTSÂ wouldn’tÂ wanna see the box score of that showdown. —Â A.U.
46. Christina Aguilera, Lil’ Kim, Mya & Pink, “Lady Marmalade” (dir. Paul Hunter, 2001)
This clip from the Moulin RougeÂ soundtrackÂ was more than a music video; it was a pop culture event. And while several groups of lady titans have recently tried to recreate the magic (see: “Girls” and “Bang Bang,” to name a few), none have come close to conjuring up the spectacle that was “LadyÂ Marmalade.” With Mya’s hyper-feminine feathers, Pink’s rocker-chic top hat (a possible nod to Slash?), Kim’s blinged-out statement necklace, and Xtina’s ginormous, crimped mane, the video let each soul sister showcase their own personality without stealing the attention from the ensemble. —Â P.C.
45. Tierra Whack, “Whack World” (dir.Â Thibaut Duverneix and Mathieu Leger, 2018)
Philly rapper Tierra Whackâs 15-track, 15-minute debutÂ is the perfect example of what a full-length visual can, and more importantly should, do for an audio body of work. She delivered a multi-part videoÂ so striking it demands attention be paid to the music, and vice versa. Each colorful and often jarring clip — one (literal) minute sheâs getting a manicure with a brutally busted face, and the next she’sÂ kicking back in a pet cemetery — Â shows the ingenuity of an artist unfamiliar with boundaries. Letâs hope she never finds them. —Â LYNDSEY HAVENS
44. Carlos Vives, “La Tierra del Olvido” (dir. Carlos Vives, 2015)
This 2015 remake ofÂ Vivesâ original video and recording from 1995 is an achingly beautiful love letter toÂ Vivesâ native Colombia, where he enlisted help from multiple fellow Colombian stars — including Fanny Lu, Fonesca and Maluma,Â each hailing from a different region in the country —Â for a stunning, sweepingÂ trip through his homeland. Meanwhile, the evocative lyrics and melancholy, yet danceable melody, bring to mind memories of Gabriel GarcĂa Marquez. —Â L.C.
43. Johnny Cash, “Hurt” (dir. Mark Romanek, 2003)
Whether you knew that country Jesus was knocking on heavenâs door in 2002 or not, this 2003 Mark Romanek masterpiece hits like a slow-motion mule kick to the gut. With his Mt. Rushmore face ravaged by time and hard living,Â CashÂ plucks a black guitar in a baroque living room overstuffed with the junk of life, as a montage of snapshots from his younger, hell raisin’ years flash across the screen. The devastating, funereal cover ofÂ Nine Inch Nails’ ’90sÂ hitÂ about decay oozes over the unshakable image of a frailÂ CashÂ pouring out wine at a Last Supper and quick-cuts of Jesus being nailed to the cross. If this final reckoning doesnât give you shivers,Â maybe youâre already dead inside. —Â GIL KAUFMAN
42. JAY-Z, “99 Problems” (dir. Mark Romanek, 2004)
Intended asÂ his pre-retirement swan song, JAY-Zâs 2003 opusÂ The Black AlbumÂ gave fansÂ several striking visuals, from âChange Clothesâ to âDirt Off My Shoulders.â But Hovitoâs most visceral clip came when he and director Mark Romanek conjured up theÂ black and white video for â99Â Problems.â WithÂ “Problems” producerÂ Rick Rubin riding shotgun, Jay masterfully illustrates his volatile relationships with the New York streets, the boys in blue and, ultimately, his own demise, as he is violently gunned down at the end of the video. Though Hov never really âfaded to blackâ and continued to release more albums, the video for â99Â Problemsâ had every rap fan petrified at the sheer thought of losing the cultureâs most revered hero. Luckily for us, Superman is still taking out rap villains for a living. —Â CARL LAMARRE
41. Avril Lavigne, “Complicated” (dir. The Malloys, 2002)
âDude, you wanna crash the mall?âÂ
–Avril Lavigne, in the first ten seconds of her first music video for her first single
Can you and your skateboarding friends/bandmates who look like a generic-brand Sum 41 (Sum 31?) really âcrashâ a mall if itâs daytime and already open? The premise is shaky, but whatever: From her first moment on MTV screens, Avril Lavigne established her extraordinary brand of PG-13 coming-of-age tomfoolery with a music video thatâs almost too 2002 to function. The ties!Â The food court! TheÂ Jackass-style stunts! Life getsÂ complicatedÂ when your friend starts getting all two-faced and trying on NFL jerseys and jewelry store bling, but finally, suburban early-’00sÂ teens had theirÂ keeping-it-real heroine. —Â C.P.
40. Lady Gaga, “Paparazzi” (dir. Jonas Ăkerlund, 2009)
With the music video running double the length of the song, Gaga’s Jonas Ă kerlund-directed “Paparazzi” covers a lot of ground: Attempted murder by Alexander SkarsgĂ„rd, the successful murderÂ ofÂ Alexander SkarsgĂ„rd, old movie homages, Mickey Mouse-esque flip-up glasses, and some of the fiercest looks from Stefani’sÂ early avant-dance diva days. The image of crutch-bound Gaga staggering across a purple carpet like Evil Robot Maria from MetropolisÂ — while her dapper backup dancers vogue behind herÂ — made it clear that unlike most pop stars on the planet, Gaga was here to get weird. And in 2009, we devoured itÂ like the fame-obsessed monsters she was sending up. —Â J. Lynch
39. Kanye West feat. Pusha T, “Runaway” (dir. Kanye West, 2010)
More short film than music video, the genius of “Runaway” comes from its stark simplicity, and the meaning seemingly imbued within it. After the solo repetitive piano note that opens the song summons a troupe of black-clad ballet dancers, West begins to deliver each line with an increasing look of urgency and desperation on his face, ultimately climbing on top of the white piano before giving way to Pusha T’s verse and the dancers’ graceful stoicism. After building the song to its highest intensity with almost Christlike posture, West then cedes the floor to a ballet showcase as the song’s coda wrenches to its conclusion, ultimately ending with the rapper placingÂ hand over heart, somber in one of the most quintessential images of his career. —Â D.R.
38. Gwen Stefani, “Hollaback Girl” (dir. Paul Hunter, 2005)
Ah, âHollaback Girl:â a video that contains multitudes. This is prime Love.Angel.Music.Baby content, which means the Harajuku Girls — Stefaniâs âsuper kawaiiâ but disturbingly silent Japanese girl squad — are front and center, riding through Van Nuys and Reseda in an Impala behind fearless leader Gwen, twerking, and (quietly) helping her spell âbananas.â The minimalist-meets-marching band sound, courtesy of the Neptunes, is in nearly every frame — along with Pharrell himself, blessing Stefani with a brief cameo and his ineffable brand of cool. But this video, in the end, is really all about Stefani and the charming ball of contradictions she has increasingly revealed herself to be: a magnetic-enough presence to make us consider her motives, and then abandon any semblance of logical thought to scream âThis shit is bananas!â at the top of our lungs. —Â R.M.
37. Nicki Minaj, “Anaconda” (dir. Colin Tilley, 2014)
The Sir Mix-a-Lot sample “Anaconda” is built around may have been met with a collective eye roll for its obviousness, but Minaj fully redeemed herself by pairing it withÂ her most memorable visual to date. Between a bikini-clad aerobics session and an unforgettable lap dance (one that Minaj bragged left guest-starÂ recipient Drake,Â ahem, “excited like hell”), the colorful clip solidified Minaj’s superstar status, helping “Anaconda” slither to No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100, still the rapper’s highest peak yet. —Â P.C.
36. Rihanna feat. JAY-Z, “Umbrella” (dir. Chris Applebaum, 2007)
A waterfall of sparks, umbrella-based choreography and — best of all — an iconic silvered silhouette of one of the biggest pop stars both then and now makesÂ the recipe for this timeless video. Itâs the perfect blend of sexy, playful, and artistic —Â risquĂ©Â without being raunchy,Â thematic without being tacky. ButÂ the videoâs biggest feat of all is proving that, even if only for Rihanna, it is possible to look that good with an umbrella. —Â L.H.
35. Dixie Chicks, “Goodbye Earl” (dir. Evan Bernard, 2000)
Starring a blonde Lauren Holly as the badass Mary Ann, pre-30 RockÂ Jane Krakowski as the helpless Wanda, andÂ NYPD BlueÂ star Dennis Franz (outfitted in a purposefullyÂ terrible wig) asÂ the title villain, “GoodbyeÂ Earl” is a delightfully campy and colorful video from the Dixie Chicks about “the best of friends” who poisonÂ the titular character after he beats up Wanda. It’s a tale that highlights the power of the female bond, without making light of its serious subject matter. Yes, “EarlÂ had to die,” but the clip shows us just how sweetÂ revenge can be — and by video’s end, even a zombified Earl has joined in on theÂ hoedown.Â —Â D.W.
34. Eminem, “Without Me” (dir. Joseph Kahn, 2002)
Like the song itself, the 2002 music video for âWithoutÂ Meâ is a fragmentation grenade of rapid-fire images designed to level Eminemâs criticsÂ — most of which he plays in the video himself. The rapper uses battery cables to fry a quasi-mechanical Dick Cheney lookalikeÂ and flips off his mother Debbie (EmÂ in a blondÂ metal wig, natch) as she appears on a When Sons Go BadÂ talk show. And Shady Records lieutenant Obie Trice, in a cameo, body slams Em-as-Moby, who called Shadyâs music homophobicÂ and misogynistic.Â But the real thrillÂ of this clipÂ is watching Shady and partner-in-crime Dr. Dre dressed, respectively, as comic-book characters Robin and Blade, head-bouncing with abandon as they rush to save a minor from purchasing a copy ofÂ The Eminem Show, which carries a Parental Advisory sticker. —Â F.D.
33. Britney Spears, “Oops!… I Did It Again” (dir. Nigel Dick, 2000)
Think of another outfit thatâs had such decades-long legs. Everyone who’s seen this spacey Nigel Dick-directed mini-space epic —Â the follow-up to the equally one-of-a-kind ââŠ Baby One More Timeâ —Â can instantly picture Britâs second-skin red pleather catsuit (which was her idea, as was the concept of dancing on Mars). The whole experienceÂ is a crash course inÂ BritneyÂ 101: seductive, if a bit wooden, group dancing;Â hard-core eye contact with the camera; requisite bare mid-riff squirming; and a silly comedic bit, all of which remain key parts of the star’sÂ rust-free brand blueprint to this day. —Â G.K.
32. Tyler, the Creator, “Yonkers” (dir. Wolf Haley, 2011)
Tyler, the Creator had a vision: ââIâm sitting on a chair rapping, Iâm playing with a bug, I eat it, I throw it up, my eyes go black, and I hang myself.â That was his treatment,â explainedÂ director Anthony Mandler (BeyoncĂ©âs âGet Me Bodied,â Rihannaâs âMan Downâ) in a 2011 interview. Mandler, along with director of photography Luis âPanchâ Perez, gave Tyler the guidance and equipment he needed to self-direct the black-and-white, tilt-shifted video for âYonkers.”Â In the breakout clip, Tyler does exactly what he outlined: He sits in a chair, lets a giant cockroach crawl over his hands, appears to take a bite, pukes, blacks out his eyes, and hangs himself. Effective enough to make stomachs the world over turn — andÂ earn Tyler one of the all-time least-likely nods for a Video of the Year VMA. —Â C.W.
31. Carly Rae Jepsen, “Call Me Maybe” (dir. Ben Knechtel, 2012)
Fittingly, one of the centuryâs most beloved No. 1 hitsÂ arrived with a timeless visual. Carly Rae flips the male gaze of voyeuristic videos pastÂ and becomes the behind-the-blindsÂ observerÂ snooping on a backyard hottie, her giddy enthusiasm matching the lyrical tone perfectly. Sheâs fanning herself from the heat of the shirtless car-washing hunk a little too vigorously, fantasizing herself into the cover of the kitschy romance novel thatâs sitting on her coffee table. She eventually musters the courage to make it out of the living room and into the steamy driveway scene, where the iconic âhereâs my numberâ exchange leads to one similarly expectation-subvertingÂ finalÂ plot twist. —Â C.P.
30. Fountains of Wayne, “Stacy’s Mom” (dir. Chris Applebaum, 2003)
“We looked at a lot of treatments and some directors were trying to be kind of arty and subtle with it, but Chris Applebaum went completely for the jugular,â Fountains of Wayne guitarist Adam Schlesinger said of the Applebaum-directed âStacyâsÂ Momâ clip in a 2004 interview. In retrospect, there was no better approach for the surprise pop smash: the broad, brightly colored comedy here —Â driven by model Rachel Hunter in the titular role —Â accentuates the songâs storytelling while mixing in some fantasy elements and highly appropriate Ric Ocasek references. Special kudos to Shane Habouca as the teen protagonist, so nimbly capturing the weird, confusing wonder that is male puberty. —Â J. Lipshutz
29. Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee, “Despacito” (dir. Carlos PerĂ©z, 2017)
The most-watched video in YouTube history, directed by Carlos Perez, is an unabashed celebration of all things Latin, from the opening guitars andÂ the vistas of Puerto RicoÂ to the brightly painted homes of La Perla with their religious icons and chickens on the porch. And finally, thereâs the dancing. ClichĂ©d? Maybe, but totally real, and so expertly realized, we couldnât help but watch.Â Ultimately, 5.3 billion viewers canât be wrong. —Â L.C.
28. Missy Elliott, “Get Ur Freak On” (dir. Dave Meyers, 2001)
You can ask Kendrick Lamar,Â and he’ll tell you that one of his early inspirations wasÂ MissyÂ Elliott. In the late ’90s and early 2000s, Elliott bloomed into a music video savant because of her audacious attempts to do the impossible in under five minutes. In ’01, Elliott wiped the competition with her Dave Meyers-shotÂ visual for “Get UrÂ FreakÂ On.” The funky track included a starry cast, with appearances by Ludacris, Busta Rhymes, and Eve. Meanwhile, Missy rhymes inside of an underground sewer, glides on top of a chandelier —Â and just when you thought the fun was over —Â she even sneaksÂ in a quick verse from herÂ Miss E LP highlight “Lick Shots” to restart the party all over again. —Â C.L.
27. Charli XCX, “Boys” (dir. Charli XCXÂ & Sarah McColgan, 2017)
If you came for âBoys,â itâs boys youâll find in this genius self-directed visual by Charli XCX — approximately 60 of them, in fact, from Diplo bench-pressing puppies and Joe Jonas seductively feasting on pancakes to Charlie Puth hosting a car wash. Did we mention the whole thing is bathed in millennial pink? The idea, Charli told BBC Radio 1, was to reverse traditional music video gender roles, making dudes do âall the sexy things that girls usually do in videos.â Whip-smart, thought-provoking, and fun as hell — not to mention providing fans with enough GIFs to last a Twitter lifetime — âBoysâ set the Internet into mayhem, and left it with a message. —Â T.C.
26. Christina Aguilera feat. Redman, “Dirrty” (dir. David LaChapelle, 2002)
In the world of pop divadom, frequent reinvention isnât just a choice, itâs practically a rule. But back in 2002, Christina Aguilera, loathful of her prefab pop princess persona, committed to one of the most explosive image resets in history with a red thong, a pair of chaps, and a dance move that would come to be known as âthe slut drop.â You can only imagine the kind of language her critics used against her, and, indeed, there was plenty of outrage, vitriol, and mean-spirited mocking flung her way. Still, Aguilera seemed to weather the attention like a pro, and outlets that gave the young singer a chance to explain herself were treated to a brief lesson in sexual agency that was years beyond the general publicâs understanding back then:Â âI may have been the naked-ass girl in the video,â she told Blender in 2003, “but if you at it carefully, Iâm also at the forefront. Iâm not just some lame chick in a rap video; Iâm in the power position.â Guess Bionic wasnât herÂ only workÂ ahead of its time. —Â N.F.
25. The White Stripes, “Fell in Love With a Girl” (dir. Michel Gondry, 2002)
What better way to play up the youthful sensation of a first love than with LEGOs, a classic toy for a classic rock song. The toy of choice works in a surprising way here, asÂ theÂ figurines capture the similarly unclear mindset of a boy so confused by love he believes âthe two sides of my brain need to have a meeting.â But, most impressive of all is how the video turns something seemingly so simple into something much more complex — reportedly, the video was shot frame by frame, requiring the LEGOs to be rebuilt each time — a situation that anyone who has ever fallen in love is likely all too familiar with. —Â L.H.
24. Justin Timberlake, “Cry Me a River” (dir. Francis Lawrence, 2003)
Thereâs a long and tired history of Justin Timberlake using Britney Spears as a punch line, and, sure, the concept of of a disgruntled ex breaking into his former girlfriendâs house and lurking menacingly while she showers hasnât aged well. But the kind of pettiness on display inÂ the captivating âCry Me a Riverâ is an extinct breed: a revenge fantasy that doesnât bother with plausible deniability or subtle shady references, and instead lets its darkest impulses curdle in the open for all to see. It wasnât pretty, but it swung big —Â and everyone grabbed the popcorn and gave in to the twisted voyeurism of it all. —Â N.F.
23. Katy Perry feat. Snoop Dogg, “California Gurls” (dir. Matthew Cullen, 2010)
A bold, candy-colored cornucopia of delectable delights from start to finish, the 2010 Mathew Cullen-directed clip features Perry —Â sometimes covered only in strategically placed cotton candy, other times in a whipped-cream exploding bra, and always in a day-glo wig — as a pawn in Snoop Doggâs Queens of Candyfornia board game, though of course she escapes Snoop’s clutches toÂ leadÂ a dance party on the beach. The only way the video would be better were if it were actuallyÂ edible, especially Snoop Doggâs army of bird-flipping gummy bears. —Â M.N.
22. M.I.A., “Bad Girls” (dir. Romain Gavras, 2012)
M.I.A. and director Romain Gavras had already proven that they could make an unforgettableÂ video with 2010âs highly controversial âBorn Free” — and two years later, they did it again with âBad Girls.â Shot in Morocco, the video depicts Saudi drifting, where cars ride on their sides on only two wheels. Scenes of stunt men and women sitting on the outside of the tilted rides are juxtaposed with shots of M.I.A. and a glam posse of women covered in animal prints and metallic fabrics. Not one to be a bystander, M.I.A. even gets in on the drifting action, as sheâs filmed lounging on the passenger door of a white BMW, filing her nails as the car cruises along sideways. How could the duo top that? âThe next video needs to be shot on the moon,â Gavras mused in a behind-the-scenes video. âWith hookers.â Â Â
21. *NSYNC, “ByeÂ ByeÂ Bye” (dir. Wayne Isham, 2000)
This is a boy bandÂ video with a complex dramatic setup:Â We open in a dimly lit vaudeville theater, where the boys of *NSYNC hang from strings, manipulated from above by a diabolical but very pretty lady, who then cuts each of said strings to set one beautifully-coiffed *NSYNC member at a time on his very own mini-action adventure, racing cars through the desert or running across the top of a locomotive, Bond-style. But letâs be honest: Thatâs not what weâre here for.Â Weâre here to see baby-faced J.T. mean mug for the camera! Weâre here to see J.C. torturously belt his âByyyyye baaaaby!â ad-lib.Â And above all, we are here to see the dance moves — the steps that would go on to be repeated at countless school dances and house parties, and that will certainly go down in music video history as some of the most classic choreography ever captured.Â Even if they were doing it in some sort of intergalactic vacuum, as *NSYNCÂ appear to be in the âBye Bye Byeâ video, it was impossible to look away — and easy to imagine, as we followed those moves in our living rooms, that we could transcend the screen and live in their magical world, too. —Â R.M.
20. OK Go, “Here It Goes Again” (dir. Trish Sie, 2006)
In 2006, long before Kim Kardashian broke the Internet, this Chicago band went viral with what is otherwise known as âthe treadmill video,â a self-choreographed DIY affair —Â with the help of lead singer Damian Kulashâs sister Trish Sie, who was working as a ballroom dancer at the time. The clipÂ features the band executing a series of (mostly) precision dance moves on six moving treadmills, and if youâve ever fallen off one of those things, the video is as thrilling as it is entertaining, helping it rackÂ up a reported 900,000 views in a single day. It wasnât the first ambitious video the group had recorded —Â see 2002’s âC-C-C-Cinnamon LipsâÂ —Â nor would it be the last, as the bandÂ would onlyÂ scale up with subsequent visuals, most recently culminating in 2016’s âUpside Down & Inside Out,âÂ shot in a plane that simulated zero gravity. How theyâll top that one remains to be seen, but we’ll probably find out soon enough. —Â F.D.
19. Miley Cyrus, “Wrecking Ball” (dir. Terry Richardson, 2013)
âWrecking Ballâ was not the lead single for the all-grown-up coming-out party that was Miley Cyrus’ Bangerz, but nothing from that era, not even her controversial MTV Video Music Awards performance, forced viewers to recognize Cyrus on her own terms more than this Terry Richardson-directed clip. In it, Cyrus doesnât push buttons —Â she, well, uses a sturdy tool often found at constructions sites to smash them, doing whatever she can to inspire feeling, any feeling, in those watching. Thereâs the raw play for emotion with the tearful close-ups, which Cyrus has said were meant to evoke Sinead OâConnorâs âNothing Compares 2 U.” And then thereâs the more polarizing attention-grabs — Cyrus licking a sledgehammer, appearing naked atop the titleÂ objectÂ as it swings around. Cyrus did whatever she could to get a reaction, and she didnât care what kind she got as long as people were looking. âI think people are going to hate it,â she told Rolling Stone at the time, âand then when we get to the bridge, theyâre gonna have a little tear and be like, âFuck you!â âŠ Itâs something that people are not gonna forget.â —Â N.F.
18. Sia, “Chandelier” (dir. Sia & Daniel Askill)
Ever the elusive star, Sia opted to sit out the videos for 2014âsÂ 1000 Forms of Fear. It yielded some of the most exhilarating visuals of the time, with a notableÂ assist from then-pre-teen dancer Maddie Ziegler, then known for starring on LifetimeâsÂ Dance Moms. Clad in a white, tight-cropped wig that resembles Siaâs signature coif, Ziegler stepped in for three of the videos from the set, most notablyÂ âChandelier,â a clip with over 1.5 billion YouTube views, which tracks her as she dances through a dilapidated apartment, breathing life into the drab and mundane surroundings around her —Â and making a star out of its absent singer. —Â S.J.H.
17. My Chemical Romance, “Helena” (dir. Marc Webb, 2005)
It wasn’t supposed to rain on set, but of course it did: My Chemical Romance and Marc Webb brought the emo downpour for “Helena,” and the elements simply responded in turn. One of three brilliant video collaborations between band and director for MCR’s starmakingÂ Three Cheers for Sweet RevengeÂ album, “Helena” was both the simplest and the most affecting: ItsÂ balletic funeral proceeding made for the best high-concept rock melodarama since Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris were doing feature-film dry runs with Smashing Pumpkins a decade earlier. But for all the elaborate choreography andÂ staging, the most indelible moment remains theÂ curl of lead singer Gerard Way’s lower lip as he sings the final tearjerking chorusÂ — a reminder that the song was inspired by Gerard and bassist brother Mikey’sÂ late grandmother, and thus the video held far more weight than just the prop coffin they were carrying. —Â A.U.
16. Drake, “Hotline Bling” (dir. Director X, 2014)
The dorky dad moves, the Sean Paul references, the pastel lighting reminiscent of artist James Turrell, the slightly passive-aggressive lyrics, the D.R.A.M. “Cha Chaâ controversy, the parodies, the endless memes! There was no way that anyone could escape the pop culture phenomenon that was Drakeâs âHotlineÂ Blingâ video. Helmed by Director X, the video catches you off guard by beginning with a bunch of Drizzy-approved women working at — what else — a call center. As the camera zooms into the water cooler just 20 seconds in, the dancing that sparked a thousand GIFs begins. No matter how hard you try to look away, Drake keeps you lured in with every corny salsa step, cell phone-imitating hand wiggle, and agonized facial expression. Being the cultural mastermind that he is, Drake had to have predicted the videoâs outcome. And somehow that makes it all the more brilliant. —Â B.G.
15. Kendrick Lamar, “HUMBLE.” (dir. Dave Meyers & The Little Homies, 2017)
Kendrick Lamarâs Grammy-winning video for âHumbleâ is a lesson in irony:Â While the song is a finger-wagging anthem about modesty, the video itself is overflowing with wealth — both physical and metaphorical. Opening with Pope Lamar in a vacant church, the video rapidly shifts through scenes of the rapper playfully toying with a money machine, enjoying Grey Poupon, and teeing off atop a carâs roof. But the more memorable parts highlight black-centric symbolism. With Lamar recreatingÂ Leonardo da Vinci’s The Last Supper with all black men and andÂ a woman fearlessly displaying her stretch marks, the video becomes yet another celebration of the culture in the rapperâs visual armory. —Â B.G.
14. Lady Gaga feat. BeyoncĂ©, “Telephone” (dir. Jonas Ă kerlund, 2010)
What happens when you pair up two of the most influential female pop stars in recent history for a music video? That would be âTelephone,â the gloriously ridiculous, nine-and-a-half-minute spectacle from director Jonas Ă kerlund that involves a womenâs prison, BeyoncĂ© (ahem, âHoneybeeâ) feeding Lady Gaga a pastry, a murder at a diner, a poison sandwich-making tutorial, Quentin Tarantino references aplenty, and a dance sequence that has spawned dozens of YouTube tutorials. If all thatâs not enough to make âTelephoneâ an instant classic, consider that the video is actually a continuation of Gagaâs âPaparazziâ video from the year prior, with the same director — which ends with Gaga in the can — and let your mind be blown. Could a third installment be in our future? We can only hope. —Â T.C.
13. Taylor Swift, “Blank Space” (dir. Joseph Kahn, 2015)
After years of receiving criticism for writing songs about her exes, Taylor Swift stuck it to the haters with a visual portrayal of just how âinsaneâ she seems to former suitors and critics alike. The result is the singerâs best videoÂ to date, as âBlankÂ Space” makes a mockery of the crazy-ex personaÂ while entrancing viewers with imagery thatâs both fanciful and harrowing. The video sets up a classic romanceÂ with a handsome guy, a breathtaking mansion, stunning gowns, and white horses (plus a cameo from her celebrity cat Olivia Benson), turning the seemingly perfect relationship on its head once infidelity and jealousy strike. Swiftâs acting is brilliant as she takes a knife to painted portraits of her beau, chops up his clothes, and sings with mascara streaming down her face â almost making it believable that sheâs as crazy as naysayers make her out to be. Whether you think she loves the drama or it loves her,Â Taylor Swift always makes sure her videos tell a story, andÂ âBlankÂ Spaceâ could be its own damn novel. —Â T.W.
12. PSY, “Gangnam Style” (dir. Cho Soo-Hyun, 2012)
It’s hard to believe that it’s been over half a decade since the satirical dance track “Gangnam Style” took the world by storm to become the first-ever video to be viewed over 1 billion times. With its over-the-top antics aimed at mocking the denizens of Seoul’s Gangnam neighborhood, numerous cameos from local comedians and pop stars, and its easy-to-learn equine choreography, PSYâs video became a surprise global sensation that turned all eyes to South Koreaâs music industry. Though itâs no longer the worldâs most-viewed music video, the legacy of âGangnam Styleâ remains. —Â T.H.
11. JAY-Z & Kanye West, “Otis” (dir. Spike Jonze, 2011)
What part of 2011’s impossibly joyful video for “Otis” feels the least likely in 2018? That it had a world premiere on MTV (like, MTVÂ the cable TV channel) with a rebroadcastÂ onÂ MTV2Â a couple hours later?Â That the most controversial thing about it — the thing that necessitated a disclaimer at the endÂ — was that the needless deconstruction of theÂ vehicle used for the clip’s joyridingÂ would be seen as financially irresponsible? That the big celebrity cameo comes from a silent Aziz Ansari? That Kanye appears to be having an absolute blast? That JayÂ and KanyeÂ act like they genuinely love each other? Or is it that there’s aÂ gigantic American flag plastered on the wall behindÂ the duo, with no message seemingly attached to it except to ask, “How could you not love a country where we get to do shit like this?” At the time, the point felt like a strong one. —Â A.U.
10. Childish Gambino, “This Is America” (dir. Hiro Murai, 2018)
We get the music videos we want, but also sometimes the ones we need. Amid racial strife stirred up by a president who blames âboth sidesâ and endless uniformed violence against minority men and women came actor/rapper Donald Gloverâs funky, neck-snapping surprise statement. As Gambino, Glover — dressed inÂ Confederate Army grey pants and no shirt in a possible nod toÂ Afrofunk godhead/provocateur Fela Kuti —Â busts hip-cracking African Gwara Gwara dance moves while shooting a hooded black man and striking a pose straight outta Jim Crow imagery. Yes, itâs a lot. Released as Glover rebooted intergalactic schemer Lando Calrissian in DisneyâsÂ Solo, the sight of theÂ AtlantaÂ star grabbing his suddenly global platform and gunning down a church choir with a machine gun (Ă Â la the Charleston church massacre) then sprinting away from the Sunken Place tells you everything about the current state of the nation. —Â G.K.
9. Fatboy Slim, “Weapon of Choice” (dir. Spike Jonze, 2000)
“Weapon of Choice” predicted the viral video as well as any other clip released in the pre-YouTube era, down to the fact that a lot of the people who remember the video probably couldn’t nameÂ who its song was by: Undoubtedly, at leastÂ half of the clip’s Internet traffic comes from “Christopher WalkenÂ hotel dancing” searches. “Choice” was a good song but a sensational video, one that brings the aforementioned four-word concept to such improbable three-dimensional life that it remains compulsively watchable even after the 57th time you’re seeingÂ the guy who played Max Shreck doing the hands-in-pockets shimmy. TheÂ key? Those beginning and closing shots of a silent, still WalkenÂ seated in deep contemplation, with only the whirring sounds of hotel maintenance showing signs of life around him, as existentially hauntingÂ as anything Beckett ever staged. —Â A.U.
8. BeyoncĂ©, “Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)” (dir. Jake Nava, 2008)
Kanye West nearly committedÂ career suicide when he crashed the MTV VMAs stage in 2010 to interrupt Taylor Swiftâs acceptance speech for Best Female Video: âIâma let you finish,â heÂ infamously commented,Â âbut Beyonce had one of the best videos of all time!â He wasn’t wrong, though — directed by Jake Nava, the stunning, breathless visuals for âSingleÂ LadiesÂ (Put a Ring on It)â marked a turning point in BeyoncĂ©âs career: She had proven herself so talented, so enrapturing, that all you really needed to pull off a milestone video wasÂ to simply train the camera on her in an empty room and let her handle the rest. The resulting clip is an unstoppable assailing of the senses:Â Bey, clad in an over-the-shoulder leotard, is joined by two backup dancers, all in heels, hitting a for-experts dance routine and making it look simple. As the background gradient shifts colors and the cameras circle her, she never breaks focus for even a split second, keeping the energy on full throttle. Itâs no wonder West put his nameÂ and rep on the line for the sake of the video — BeyoncĂ© earned it. —Â S.J.H.
7. Britney Spears, “Toxic” (dir. Joseph Kahn, 2004)
Britney Spears gifted the 21st century with a number of indelible looks, and the “Toxic” video boasts an embarrassment of them: Britney the Mile High Club-bound stewardess whose kiss turns a schlubby passenger into a stunning model; Britney the laser-tripping secret agent with fire engine-red hair; and of course, Britney in the buff, covered in diamonds and writhing around the floor like the Bond Girl to end all Bond Girls. Whether prancing down the aisle of an airplane or poisoning her boyfriend (fiveÂ years before “Paparazzi”) and jumping off a balcony into the night, “Toxic” Britney wiped clean the schoolgirl imagery and set the tone for the next 15 years of her career: Breathtaking, flawlessly executed camp that was closer to drag culture than fashion week. —Â J. Lynch
6. Rihanna & Calvin Harris, “We Found Love” (dir. Melina Matsoukas, 2011)
Anyone who wondered if pop stars had lost their ability to excite, to surprise, to unnerve with their music videosÂ had to feel the “We Found Love” clip like a bolt of lightning to the chest. Melina Matsoukas’ dizzying visual for Rihanna’s career-recalibrating smash Calvin Harris collabÂ wasÂ a tale of a toxic relationship starring RiRi and a pouty, peroxide-blond gentleman whoÂ looks a lot like oh-take-a-guess, edited like a light-speedÂ four-minute relationship montage that recreatesÂ the shockÂ all music videos must’ve delivered to fans of classic Hollywood back in ’81. LikeÂ Trainspotting, what makes “We Found Love” really frightening is how palpably electric the highs are, enough to make it plausible that its starÂ wouldÂ do what it took to feed her addictionÂ initially. But that doesn’t mean you don’t still breathe a sigh of relief when she decides to choose life at the end instead. —Â A.U.
5. OutKast, “Hey Ya!” (dir. Bryan Barber, 2003)
Coming up on the 15th anniversary of its release, âHeyÂ Ya!â remains an infectious slice of pop culture — as does its video. A twist on the Beatlesâ own era-defining appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964, âHeyÂ Ya!â finds OutKast turning the British InvasionÂ on its ear, complete with black & white footage, a screaming female audience, a black family viewing the momentous TV performance at home, and Ryan Phillippe in the guise of host Sullivan. Speaking of guises, Big Boi acts as the band manager, while AndrĂ© 3000 portrays all eight band members, including background group The Love Haters — all garbed in eye-catching green finery. During the two-day shoot in Los Angeles, AndrĂ© reportedly performed âHeyÂ Ya!â 23 times. Beyond introducing the phrase âshake it like a Polaroid pictureâ into the pop lexicon, OutKast also single-handedly revitalized the camera companyâsÂ public image. The Bryan Barber-directed video later won a bevy ofÂ awards, including video of the year at the 2004 MTV Video Music Awards. —Â G.M.
4. BeyoncĂ©, “Formation” (dir. Melina Matsoukas, 2016)
BeyoncĂ© stopped the world for the umpteenth time when she droppedÂ theÂ explosiveÂ song and video for âFormation,” justÂ a day before performing the anthem at Super Bowl 50. Frequent collaborator Melina Matsoukas may have shot the video in Los Angeles, but every second is deeply rooted in Louisiana and its Creole background — the ancestral origin of BeyoncĂ©âs mother, Tina Knowles Lawson. The historical references are overwhelming: the Antebellum-style houses, BeyoncĂ©âs Victorian hoop skirts and petticoats, the now-legendary wide-brimmed hat suitable for American Horror Story: Coven, Blue Ivy happily rocking her fluffy afro, the singer being submerged underwater while on top of a police car as a nod to Hurricane Katrina , the inclusion of New Orleans stars Big Freedia and the late Messy Mya. At one point in the video, a young boy is seen dancing in front of a line of gun-clad officers, who respond by putting their hands up.Â In a time where racial tensions were climbing to new, uncomfortable heights, âFormationâ served as an active reminder that black people could not be silenced. To top it all off, the âFormationâ video dropped just a few months before the singerâs second Super Bowl halftime performance, which further shoved its socio-political message in the face of America. —Â B.G.
3. D’Angelo, “Untitled (How Does It Feel?)” (dir. Paul Hunter, 2000)
Naked as the day he was born, save for a gold chain and bracelet, DâAngelo is the entirety of the simple, single-take video for âUntitled.â The song asks how does it feel. and the video attempts to answer what it looks like, and it does so with such candor that the song and video have become inseparable. You see parts of this manâs body move, tense, and ripple in ways that mustâve been previously only available to his romantic partners. From the vantage of 2018, the self-scrutinizing gloom that it cast on his career, the way it fueled his performance anxiety as fans showed up to the post-video tour dates expecting total access to Adonis each night, feels safely in the rearview. DâAngelo returned in 2014 with Black Messiah and toured successfully after its release, allowing us to once again to just admire the physicality and emotion of one of the greatest sex jams ever made. —Â R.S.
2. Missy Elliott, “Work It” (dir. Dave Meyers, 2002)
While most of her contemporaries settled for music videos that made them look tough or sexy, Missy Elliott got strange with hers, and “WorkÂ It” is a perfect distillation of her idiosyncratic vision of warped world. From upside-down dance moves on a post-apocalyptic playground to Missy swallowing a Lamborghini whole andÂ donning a dunce cap for the deliciously goofy “why you act dumb?” segment, Elliott pushed imagery into the mainstream that most rappers, rockers,Â and pop stars wouldn’t dare go near in an era before being “weird”Â or “nerdy”Â had cultural cache. Sure, someone else might have a Prince parody or a split-second Halle Berry cameo in their clip, but would they also have a U.S. Marine mouthing “give you some-some-some of this Cinnabun” or the lead artist lip-syncing to camera while bees swarm their face? Like itsÂ forward-thinkingÂ Under ConstructionÂ parent album, Missy’s “WorkÂ It” video madeÂ itÂ clear that what was normal was boring, and the future belonged to those who weren’t afraid to defy expectations, conventions, and even gravity on occasion. —Â J. Lynch
1. Lady Gaga, “Bad Romance” (dir. Francis Lawrence, 2009)
By the time she crawled out of your momâs Volvo roof box to deliver her first rah-rah-rahs, Lady Gaga had already hosted a poolside orgy, transformed the subway into her debaucherous lair, and sought poisonous revenge on Alexander SkarsgĂ„rd for throwing her off the edge of a castle. Her ideas were big; her budgets were catching up. But the video for âBad Romance,â the lead single from 2009âs The Fame Monster, went beyond the kind of spectacle that rising superstars like her had the resources to pull off. It offered a glimpse into an entire cinematic world that thrilled and disturbed in equal measure, expanding the possibilities of what a music video could achieve — and challenging other stars to step their game up at the same time.
âBad Romanceâ features some of her most gorgeous music-video looks — as silly as it seems now in the post-Joanne era, the video was praised by some critics for theÂ âstripped-downâ and ânormalâ makeup on display — as well as her most unsettling. The white crowned bodysuits look like Max from Where the Wild Things Are hit up a fetish club. The bathtub-bound Gaga with CGI-enlarged eyes beckoned to the uncanny valley. And despite all the glossy, sterile exteriors abound, an element of body horror lurks underneath the surface, from shots that linger over dancersâ exaggerated bony spines to the emaciated Gaga-monster hiding in a cage during the second verse. Pause the video at any moment and youâll probably find yourself starting at something worth dissecting; even the briefest scenes and cutaways — Gaga suspended in a cloud of diamonds, Gaga covering her face with razor-blade sunglasses, Gaga stomping around in alienesque Alexander McQueen heels — could have sustained their own storylines as standalone videos.
Those mini-moments were mostly in service of a bigger story, one in which Gaga gets kidnapped and drugged by models, sold into some kind of sexual slavery via an ominous pack of Russian men, and eventually enacts a fiery revenge plot. Considering how âBad Romanceâ cemented the branding and iconography of her âLittle Monsterâ fanbase — witnessÂ the birth of the monster claw! — itâs a little ironic that Gaga has described the videoâs plot as an allegory about the entertainment industry, one that asks viewers to examine their relationship to their idols, what they ask of them, and at what cost they get it.
Of course, Lady Gaga would go on to make more elaborate music videos than âBad Romanceâ — the mini-movie that was âTelephone,â the space opera that was âBorn This Way,â each weaving in social commentary in both obvious and subtle ways. But more than providing any one look, dance move, or message, “Bad Romance” was a supernova reminder that there was still so much room to push the art form — and that no one was more game to lead the charge than the free bitch herself, baby. Itâs fitting that the video ends with the singer torching the place and everything in her path, lying among the embers and shooting sparks out of her pyro-bra. With âBad Romance,â she took the old standard for great music videos and set it aflame, then got to work building a new one. —Â N.F.